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A private security officer is a person who works to protect property and people.
Usually security guards are uniformed and act to protect property by observing (either directly, through patrols, or see the alarm systems or video) for signs of crime, fire or disorder,
and report any incidents to their client, the employer and the appropriate emergency service.

The security officers also perform access control at entrances to buildings and doors of the vehicle in ensuring that employees and visitors display proper passes or identification before entering the facility.

Security guards are often called to respond to minor emergencies (lost persons, lockouts, vehicle batteries, etc.) and to help in serious emergencies by guiding emergency services on site at the incident and the documentation of what happened in an incident report.

The motto of security guard to "observe and report."
Contrary to popular belief, security officers are not normally expected to make arrests or act as policemen.
However, the security guards enforces company rules and act (as you would any other person) if necessary to protect life or property.
Security guards are often trained to use emergency equipment, first aid, take careful notes and write effective reports
and perform other duties as required by the property they protect.

The security guards are "internal" (ie employed by the same company that protect) or "contract", worked for a private security company which protects many locations.
Some large private security companies in the United States, UK and Europe include Pinkerton, Burns, Wackenhut, G4S, Securitas, Reliance, Golden Crown Security, allies and Guardsmark.
Major economic justification for security guards is that insurance companies (particularly fire insurance companies) offer substantial discount rates to sites that have a presence in 24 hours.
In fact, a security guard on site increases the likelihood that any fire will be reported to local fire services before a total loss occurs.
In addition, the presence of security guards (especially in combination with effective security procedures) tends to diminish "shrinkage," theft, employee misconduct and violations of safety rules, or even sabotage.
Throughout the UK a permit is required to work as a security guard. This license may include a criminal background check and / or training needs.
Most security guards are unarmed and have the same powers of arrest as a private citizen, "a private person" arrest or detention of citizens.
"If weapons are carried, additional permits and training are usually required in US but declined in countries such as UK, France and others.
Normally, armed security guards are used (United States) to protect sensitive sites such as banks and military installations, government, or other financial institutions, and nuclear power plants.
Private armed security is much less common in Europe and other developed countries. In developing countries (with the permission of the host country) armed security composed mostly of former soldiers is often used to protect corporate assets, especially in regions torn by war.
Some courts are entrusted or delegated to run the security guards and giving them more powers limited, particularly when used in the protection of public goods such as public transport stations.

Some security guards, especially in hazardous work such as body guards and night guards are off duty police officers.
Except in these special cases, a security guard who misrepresents the police commits a crime.

This Article was taken from PSSCA.